In the last publication I mentioned that the background of coaching arises from 3 main sources and develops naturally influenced by the contribution of other disciplines.
Knowing in a global way the different currents of coaching allows us to get an idea of its evolution and how, with the contribution of certain authors and coaches, they have defined specific lines throughout the world.
In general terms, the different currents of coaching work on the axis of the person as a whole, focusing mainly on the inner part of the human being as a means to achieve the results that are proposed.
It was developed from the postulates of Timothy Gallwey and John Whitmor.
European current coaching emphasizes the human being, his inner potential and the possibility of choosing a better life.
Gallwey defines that all people have the “inner game” in their minds, crossed by fear and mistrust.
The Gallwey tennis player was teaching techniques of that sport to a student, to whom he did not give any verbal instructions about how to hit the ball: he only told him to look in a mirror while practicing hits. By reflecting and seeing himself, he greatly improved his backhand strokes, which he had never achieved before in his classes with other instructors. In this way, the technique that coaching applies and calls “mirroring” was born.
As a curious fact, this is where the concept of “mirroring” was born, we are all mirrors of others.
Whitmore says it’s about helping unlock human potential so people can maximize their performance.
This current is proposed:
1. Raise awareness
2. Take responsibility.
3. Develop self-confidence.
“A coach does not see people as they are, but as they can become”
North America Line
Current founded by Thomas Leonard, is based mainly on a method that he called 5 x 15 Coaching, that is, five elements that are related through fifteen skills.
As fundamental aspects we can highlight that it is a methodology that encourages self-esteem to motivate action through new challenges, they are pragmatic.
Widespread in South America due to its Chilean origin, this current works on the basis of the language ontology model.
It was founded by Fernando Flores, Rafael Echeverría, Julio Olalla and Humberto Maturana with their contributions.
Ontological coaching is an eminently philosophical coaching model, where conversations are the key to understanding human beings.
Coaching with NLP (Neuro-Linguistic Programming)
I have not wanted to forget in this section of NLP that I personally consider it an important value for the proper development of a coaching process.
NLP is used in all coaching streams.
Its creators Richard Brandler (mathematician, psychologist, and computer scientist) and John Grinder (linguist) argue that there is a connection between neurological processes (neuro) language (linguistics) and patterns learned through experience (programming) stating that these they can be changed to achieve specific goals in life.
NLP is used to understand the internal mechanisms of how the mind works and to cause positive changes in the person’s behavior once they have managed to identify the behavior patterns that, in their current or present situation, are hindering the achievement of the objectives. or desired future situation.
If we had to define NLP, it could be said that it is a methodology of self-knowledge and personal development that allows us to know the internal information of how we do what we do, how we think what we think to change behaviors or do emotional management and obtain better results. .
The map is not the territory
Definition of coaching
As we will see below, and in order to appreciate the difference between coaching and other disciplines, we are going to know how ASESCO (Spanish Coaching Association), ICF (International Coaching Federation) and WIKIPEDIA define what a coaching process is.
ASESCO: Professional Coaching is a personalized and confidential training process through a large set of tools that help fill the gap between where a person is now and where they want to be.
In the Coaching relationship, the coach helps personal development by raising awareness, generating responsibility and building self-confidence.
ICF: Professional coaching is based on a partnership with clients in a reflective and creative coaching process that inspires them to maximize their personal and professional potential.
Wikipedia: Coaching is a form of personal development in which an experienced person, called a coach, supports a student or client in achieving a personal or professional goal by providing them with training.